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Buxus

Buxus sempervirens

Boxwood, Box hedging (Eng.)

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Buxus is a genus of about 70 species from a range of origins, with the majority of species being tropical or subtropical; only the European and some Asian species are frost-tolerant. The genus is split into 3 sections according to the regions; Eurasian species, the African (except northwest Africa) and Madagascan species, and the American species. The African and American plants are genetically more similar to each other than the Eurasian section. Boxwood is grown in gardens for its good hedging ability and can be clipped into various shapes. Commercially the wood is used in the manufacture of parts of musical instruments.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Spring

Harvesting

Generally not harvested

Propagation

Seed
Sow seed in autumn in well draining potting mix.
Cuttings
Root semi-ripe cuttings in summer or graft in winter.

Special features

Hedge plant
Box make excellent hedges of various sizes depending on the species, often used in knot gardens and as topiaries.
Pot plant
Makes pretty green potplants - often clipped in spheres or other shapes.

Geography

Origin
Europe, western and southern, Asia, southwest, southern and eastern, Africa, Madagascar, America, northernmost South America, Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean
Natural climate
Mediterraenean

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Personality

Family
Buxaceae
Flower colour
Yellow to green
Scent
None

Problems

Susceptible to red spider mites
Two-spotted spider mite
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae

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