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Flat top Acasia

Vachellia abyssinica

Nyanga flat-top (Eng.), Akasiaboom (Afr.)

Vachellia abyssinica was previously know as Acasia abyssinica. Its species were considered members of genus Acacia until 2005. Vachellia can be distinguished from other Acacias by its capitate inflorescences and spinescent stipules. The tree has a flat crown with beautiful flaky bark. The bark on young trees is yellowish and it fades to red/brown on older trees. The twigs are hairy and the thorns are paired and straight. It's a lovely shade tree with edible gum. It enriches the soil as it fixes nitrogen in the soil. A useful tree for bee farmers. This tree has many uses and although the wood is not durable, it is used to carve crafts, instrument handles, utensils and for firewood.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Seed
Soak seeds in hot water overnight before planting.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Attracts bees and butterflies.
Attracts birds
Birds love the seeds.

Geography

Origin
Africa, southwards from Ethiopia to Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Clay, Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
Branches are fed to goats.

Personality

Family
Fabaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free.

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