Ariona berry, Red chokeberry (Eng)
Aronia berries have the highest concentration of antioxidants present in any fruit, are cultivated as food products and ornamental plants. Sour berries can be eaten raw off the bush, but are mostly processed. The name "chokeberry" comes from the astringency of the fruits, which create a sensation making one's mouth pucker. Black chokeberries(A. melanocarpa) usually grow into a tree while the red chokeberry (A. arbutifolia) is produced on a shrub.