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Bermuda grass

Cynodon dactylon

Couch grass, Serangoon, Wire-grass (Eng.), Kweek (Afr.)

Most people don't conserve this grass because it invades everywhere, but farmers utilize it for pastures. Disturbed in areas such as gardens, roadsides, overgrazed, trampled areas, uncultivated lands, localities with high levels of nitrogen.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Spring

Harvesting

Allow the area of grass you want to harvest seeds from to grow without cutting it for 20 to 30 days. Pull a stalk and hit the seed head lightly against your palm; if it releases seeds, you should harvest immediately.

Propagation

Seed
The seed (grain) is very small, 1,5 mm long, oval, straw-colored to orange-red. Sow 40 grams per square meter during autumn and spring.
Division
Remove leavy parts with roots and replant elsewhere.
Cuttings
Easily roots from cuttings - keep moist until rerooted!
Layering
Natural layering allows new stems touching soil to form roots. Cut loose and replant in new area.
Rhizomes
Rhisomes send out new growth often. When weeding, remove these with the green visible stem and leaves.

Geography

Origin
Widely distributed throughout the world and its exact origin is unknown. Most probably originated in sub-Saharan Africa and/or on islands in the western parts of the Indian Ocean.
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Dry
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Pastures
Tough green food for cattle

Personality

Family
Poaceae
Flower colour
Green or brown.
Scent
Mild

Problems

Some pests depend on it for nourishment, but they do not affect the growth of this grass. Overgrazing inhibits the growth of this grass.

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