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Anthurium

Anthurium spp.

Tailflower, Flamingo Flower, Lace Leaf (Eng.) , Flaminklelie(Afr.)

Being unique and popular foliage plants with a tropical feel, Lace leaf plants are grown for their attractive flowering bracts which are popular with the cut flower trade. The fabulous flowers are long-lasting and aesthetically pleasing. These unique plants are grown as landscape plants in tropical gardens, and prized across the globe as houseplants or tender patio plants in temperate climates. With slight care and attention, you will get to enjoy a touch of the tropics all year round in your home with a unique and beautiful blooming Anthurium.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring

Harvesting

Harvest after 3 – 6 months of planting. Each leaf unfold will give out one flower. Flowers are harvested when the spathe completely unfurls and the spadix is well developed with one third of bisexual flowers got opened. Harvesting has to be done during cooler parts of the day i.e. early morning or late evening. In general, the blooms are placed in water held in plastic buckets immediately after cutting from the plant. Delay in keeping in water allows air entry into the stem and causes blockage of the vascular vessels. Cut flowers after harvest should be shifted to pre-cooling chambers in refrigerated vehicles having 2-4°C temperature as they deteriorate most rapidly at high temperature.

Propagation

Division
Can be propagated by dividing the stem with the roots in the spring and potting the separated pieces. Keep warm in an enclosed glass case with high humidity for a few weeks.
Seed
Sow seeds, as soon as they have ripened, in shallow earthenware pans filled with chopped sphagnum moss, charcoal and sand. Cover the pan with a piece of glass or plastic and place in a warm area.
Cuttings
Top off the stem with few roots of 3 to 4 year old plants, remove and plant. Each cutting should have a single eye or bud IBA 500ppm produce good new roots.

Special features

Indoor plant
If you are growing this plant as a houseplant, half and half mix of potting soil and orchid soil or perlite will provide the kind of soil anthuriums thrive in.
Pot plant
When planting in a pot, half and half mix of potting soil and orchid soil or perlite will provide the kind of soil anthuriums will thrive in.
Attracts useful insects
Insects such as scarab beetles and Euglossine bees.
Attracts birds
When ready for pollination the inflorescence emits pheromones that attracts small birds such as hummingbirds.

Geography

Origin
Americas, New World Tropics.
Natural climate
Subtropical Coastal

Environment

Light
Partial Sun, Full Shade
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Ornamental
Popular potplant to add color indoors or cutflower to use in special bouquets

Personality

Family
Araceae
Flower colour
Red, white and other shades of pink
Scent
None

Problems

Pests include aphids, scales, mealybugs and thrips. Diseases include root rot, leaf spot, bacterial wilt and Rhizoctinia.
Aphids
Aphids
Aphidoidea spp.

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