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Camellia

Camellia japonica

Japanese Camelia, Rose of winter (Eng.)

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It is an evergreen shrub that can grow into a tree with beautiful flowers year round if taken care of. There are several species of Camellia which also include Camellia sinensis, the tea plant, used to produce green tea, white tea and black tea. The most commonly found species however is the Camellia japonica which can be used for hedges and borders or just as a beautiful​ focal point in your garden. The darker flowering Camelias can withstand a bit more sun, but the pinks and white forms are usually grown in shade.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Winter, Spring
Fruiting time
Spring

Harvesting

Flowers can be cut whenever desired.

Propagation

Cuttings
Soft wood cuttings: cut a 10cm long new shoot, remove half of the leaves on the shoot, dip the base in rooting hormone (or alternatively cinnamon powder) & plant in moist compost.
Layering
Air Layering - cut a branch partially through, dip in hormone (or cinnamon), bend the branch so cut area touches the soil, weigh it down to keep it in place, leave to root and cut away parent plant.

Special features

Indoor plant
You are able to successfully​ grow Camellias in a container indoors.
Pot plant
Camellias can be potted successfully. Ensure good drainage and a good potting soil mix.
Hedge plant
It can be grown as a beautiful hedge, prune into the shape and size you want. Camellias grow well in spring and summer but not much during autumn and winter.​ The best time to prune is in autumn or after flowering.

Geography

Origin
Asia, China, Japan and South Korea
Natural climate
Temperate climates

Environment

Light
Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Acid
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Personality

Family
Theaceae
Flower colour
White to pink, red, yellow and variegated
Scent
None

Problems

Scale and spider mites can cause issues and can be treated with insecticidal soaps, spray or alcohol. If you find that your leaf veins are turning yellow you might need to adjust your soil pH, the ideal pH will be 6.0 - 6.5, slightly acidic.
Two-spotted spider mite
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae

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