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Jade plant

Crassula ovata

Money plant, Friendship tree, Lucky tree, Pink joy (Eng.), Beestebul, Kerkij, Kerky, Plakkies (Afr.)

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Jade plants are very popular due to the ease with which you will be able to grow it. It is an evergreen shrub with branches and stems that have a gnarled, aged look it can be cultivated like a bonsai and is very rewarding in this regard. The jade plant flowers abundantly and has a faint scent of soap, these flowers attract a variety of insects to your garden. The plant is believed to bring you luck and the Khoi used the roots as food and the rest of the plant for some medicinal purposes. However,​ the jade plant is toxic to cats and dogs.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Winter
Fruiting time
Winter

Harvesting

Collect the seeds once the flowers have dried up.​

Propagation

Seed
The fine seeds are distributed by the wind. Mix the fine seeds with well draining soil, spread out in a thin layer, moisten the soil, create humidity with a plastic cover until germination.
Cuttings
Pick a healthy leaf, let the cut end touch the soil. Don't water until you see the roots forming. Stems should be dried off for a couple of weeks, plant in lightly watered well draining soil.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
The abundant flowers will attract bees, beetles, butterflies, wasps and flies.
Indoor plant
Can be grown indoors in good light, therefore close to a window.
Drought resistant
This plant is like a succulent able to store water in its leaves, branches and stems and therefore does not require much water. Let the soil dry out between waterings to prevent root rot.
Pot plant
The jade plant grows very well in a pot given that it has enough light and is not exposed to frost and has good drainage.

Geography

Origin
South Africa, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Dry
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
The Khoi and other Africa tribes uses the jade plant medicinally by boiling the leaves in milk for the treatment of diarrhea.
Edible
The Khoi used to eat the roots by grating it as preparation before cooking and served it with thick milk.

Personality

Family
Crassulaceae
Flower colour
White to light pink, White
Scent
Mild

Problems

Generally pest free, but if you do find some pests then you can use most systemic insecticides. It is always a good idea not to spray houseplants inside, so rather take it outside to spray it and take all safety precautions as instructed on the insecticide.

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