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Dame's violet

Hesperis matronalis

Damask violet, Dame's rocket (Eng.)

The genus name, Hesperis, is Greek for evening, and it is believed that the name was probably chosen because the scent of the flowers becomes more conspicuous later in the evening. Its prolific growth has caused it to be considered a weed in many locations where it has naturalised, but it is still a common sight in gardens across the globe.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer, Spring
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Allow seedheads to dry on plants then remove and collect seeds.

Propagation

Seed
Seeds can be scattered in moist, fertile soil in late spring, then re-sown every 2-3 years.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Attracts bees and butterflies.

Geography

Origin
Eurasia
Natural climate
Temperate to cold

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Personality

Family
Brassicaceae
Flower colour
Either white, or deep pink purple.
Scent
Mild

Problems

Prone to caterpillars, flea beetles, slugs and snails. May be affected by powdery mildews.

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