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1/5

Spearmint

Mentha spicata

Pepperment (Afr.)

1/5

Spearmint originates from Europe but is grown all over the world and popular in teas, fresh with deserts and often served with salads and meats. It has a wonderful fragrance when the leaves are crushed, repelling pests like moths and rodents. It can grow invasively - make sure to contain the area they were planted or plant them in a sunken pot to help control the growth. Harvest as needed!

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer, Spring
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Leaves can be picked at any time until they start to die down in late autumn and winter. The leaves can be used fresh or can be dried or frozen until use.

Propagation

Cuttings
Cuttings root easily in a glass of water or dip in hormone rooting powder and plant directly in soil. Keep moist the first 2 weeks!
Seed
Seed can be sown directly into moist compost and should germinate within 2 weeks.
Division
Divide the plant keeping roots intact for each section. Place each piece of the plant in soil and water regularly.

Special features

Repels harmful insects
Repels cabbage whites, ants, carrot flies and aphids. Mint oils will also keep rodents and moths away.
Attracts useful insects
Including bees
Pot plant
Mint is a good container plant - it will help to control the plant from spreading too readily!
Wet sites
Can be grown on poorly drained soils.

Geography

Origin
Europe, Mediterranean
Natural climate
Temperate and cold interior

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Compost, Loam, Bark, Rockwool, Sand, Water, Peat
Soil PH preference
Neutral, Acid, Alkaline
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
Mint tea refresh. Often part of herbal remedies for indigestion, nausea, tooth- and headaches. Can be applied directly to skin and popular ingredient in shampoo, soaps and toothpaste.
Edible
Leaves and flowers are edible and used fresh in teas, salads, cocktails, food and deserts. Leaves can be frozen, dried or preserved in salt, sugar syrup, alcohol or oil.

Personality

Family
Lamiaceae
Flower colour
White, Purples
Scent
Mild

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