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Avocado 'Hass'

Persea americana 'Hass'

Avocado (Eng.), Avokado (Afr.)

The most favoured and widely grown avocado cultivar. Hass is favoured for the size and taste of its fruit and its high fruit yield. The fruit is distinguished from other avocados by its bumpy, dark-coloured skin.

Planning

Difficulty
Advanced
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring

Harvesting

Once harvested, the fruit should be left to soften before being eaten.

Propagation

Cuttings
Graft a cutting onto a suitable, vigorously growing rootstock. Grafting should be done during winter months.
Seed
Not recommended, as fruit quality and yield potential may be compromised. Place pips above a glass of water with 3 toothpicks during spring/summer. cut the shoot back when about 6 cm and pot up. Germination will take 1-3 months.

Geography

Origin
First grown in 1928 by amateur horticulturist Rudolph Hass from seed he bought that came from a single tree in California.
Natural climate
Coastal

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Alkaline
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Personality

Family
Lauraceae
Flower colour
Yellow-green
Scent
None

Problems

Diseases include phytophthora and Dothiorella canker which infects the stems. Pests include squirrels, leaf rollers, fruit flies, mealy bugs and coconut bugs.

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