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Asparagus

Asparagus officinalis

Common Asparagus, Garden Asparagus, Wild Asparagus (Eng.), Aspersie (Afr.)

Asparagus have beautiful featherly green leaves in Summer after the Spring spears have been left unharvested. It only grows in the warm summer months and becomes dormant in winter. The crowns need about two years to grow strong enough to produce sizeable spears, but can be harvested after that for many years. They need a cold winter and cool spring for best production.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest the new shoots that emerge in spring and early summer months and cook and enjoy fresh. Leave some spears to grow into foilage for next years' harvest. Leave the first two years to allow the plants to grow strong before harvesting! To harvest white asparagus add soil around the spears to eliminate sunlight.

Propagation

Seed
Sow seeds after fruits have ripened (when they are bright red). Be sure to remove the fleshy seed coat of the seed before placing under 1 cm of soil and keep moist.
Division
Division of large crowns can be done when lifted in the dormant period (winter months).

Geography

Origin
Europe, North America and Western Asia.
Natural climate
Cold interior

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Personality

Family
Asparagaceae
Flower colour
Green or White, White
Scent
None

Problems

Asparagus falls under attack by fungal pathogens, so be sure to plant it in soil that has a good drainage and allow deep watering to encourage a deep and healthy root system. Asparagus beetles can harm plants.

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