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Pineapple

Ananas comosus

Pineapple (Eng.), Pynappel (Afr.)

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Pineapples are an easy to grow, low-maintenance plant that grows beautiful egg-shaped violet-red to purple flowers. Each plant produces one fruit and the shoot it was borne on dies back or is cut off. Pineapples can be cultivated from a crown cutting of the fruit, which can flower in 2 years and fruits in the following 6 months. The fruits can be eaten fresh, cooked, juiced, or preserved but eating unripe fruit can cause throat irritation and act as a strong purgative. Some people get hives after eating fresh pineapple. The pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fiber piña in the Philippines and is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Fruits are ripe when they are yellow and can be cut or broken off their stalks. Allow unblemished fruit to ripen.

Propagation

Seed
Plant crowns and saplings 5-10 cm deep and 80 cm apart. Make sure to remove all the fruit flesh and all the small bottom leaves before planting.
Cuttings
Crown cuttings should be planted 10-15 cm deep.
Rhizomes
Plant rhizomes 10-15 cm deep.
Suckers
Plant your sucker in a hole 5-10 cm deep, push the soil back in and firm it around the base. Make sure the soil is moist. Remove any leaves before planting.

Special features

Crop rotation
Pineapples are light feeders.
Pot plant
Pineapples make good pot plants, as they do not have a large root system.
Attracts birds
Attracts sugarbirds, humming birds are pollinators and kept away during flowering to prevent seed from forming.

Geography

Origin
South America, southern Brazil and Paraguay.
Natural climate
Tropical and Sub-tropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
The fruits are edible and can be eaten fresh, dried, cooked, juiced, or preserved.
Textiles
The pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fiber piña in the Philippines and is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings.

Personality

Family
Bromeliaceae
Flower colour
Red, Medium Blue, Purple, Silver/Gray, Yellow, Purples
Scent
Mild

Problems

Mealybugs, scales, thrips, mites, mealybugs, ants, symphylids, pink disease, bacterial heart rot, anthracnose, fungal heart rot, root rot, black rot, butt rot, fruitlet core rot, and yellow spot virus.

Companion plants

Pineapples are best grown on their own when growing in pots or with plants of similar water and drainage requirements.

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