Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
1/2

Baobab

Adansonia digitata

Cream of tartar tree, Monkey-bread tree, Dead-rat tree, Upside-down tree, Lemonade tree (Eng.), Ondersteboboom, Kremetartboom (Afr.)

1/2

Regarded as the largest succulent plant in the world, it is a tree that can provide food, water, shelter and relief from sickness. Although baobabs seldom exceed a height of 25 m, the main stem of larger baobab trees may reach up to 28 m in girth. The squat cylindrical trunk gives rise to thick tapering branches resembling a root-system, hence the name "Upside-down Tree". The stem is covered with a 50-100 mm thick bark layer, which is greyish brown and normally smooth but can often be variously folded and seamed from years of growth. The leaves are said to be rich in vitamin C, sugars, potassium tartrate, and calcium. They are cooked fresh as a vegetable or dried and crushed for later use by local people. The off-white, powdery substance in the fruit is apparently rich in ascorbic acid, and is soaked in water to provide a refreshing drink somewhat reminiscent of lemonade. This drink is also used to treat fevers and other complaints. The sprout of a young tree can be eaten like asparagus. The root of very young trees is reputed to be edible. The seeds are edible and can be roasted for use as a coffee substitute. Caterpillars, which feed on the leaves, are collected and eaten by African people as an important source of protein. When the wood is chewed, it provides vital moisture to relieve thirst, humans as well as certain animals eat it in times of drought. This tree is slow growing, mainly due to the low rainfall it receives. Large baobab trees with hollow stems have been used by people for various purposes including houses, prisons, pubs, storage barns, and even as bus stops.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Winter

Harvesting

Seed can be collected from dry fruits by cracking the fruit open and washing away the dry, powdery coating.

Propagation

Seed
Soak the seeds for 24 hrs in hot water. Allow to cool. Place in well-drained seedling mixture containing one-third sand and cover with 4-6 mm sand. Place in semi-shade. Germination takes 2-6 weeks.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
African honey bees often utilize hollows in the baobab to make their hives.

Geography

Origin
Africa, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, other tropical African countries
Natural climate
Hot interior

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Dry
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Notes
Food. Bonsai. Water source (water collects in the clefts of the large branches). Shelter. Rope making. Basketry. Medicinal. African honey bees often utilize hollows in the baobab to make their hives.

Personality

Family
Malvaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Mild

Problems

Generally problem free.

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play