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Arabian jasmine

Jasminum sambac

Belle of India, Grand duke of Tuscany, Biblical jasmine (Eng.), Arabiese jasmyn (Afr.)

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Arabian Jasmine is a highly fragrant, evergreen vine or shrub which produces lovely rose-like flowers. The flowers open only at night and bloom in clusters throughout the year. This plant has numerous medicinal and herbal uses as a tea. Arabian Jasmine can be trained to grow along a trellis or grown in a container, making it an attractive hedge screen.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Harvest flower buds during the early morning in spring and summer, when they are closed, in order to reduce damage. Pick individually or in small bunches.

Propagation

Seed
Sow seeds in Spring, 20 cm apart for smaller varieties and 40 cm apart for larger seedlings. Plant seedlings indoors in early spring or sow seeds on the surface after the last frost of spring.
Cuttings
Take semi-ripe cuttings in summer and keep them under intermittent mist for a couple of weeks.
Layering
Air layering.

Special features

Crop rotation
Arabian Jasmine is a medium feeder and requires a moderate amount of nutrients.
Pot plant
This variety makes a great pot plant, provided it has a trellis or something to grow along.
Hedge plant
This plant can be trained along a trellis to form an attractive, blooming hedge screen.

Geography

Origin
Eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, India and Pakistan.
Natural climate
Humid, Tropical climate

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Notes
As a ceremonial plant, the garlands, called 'sampaguita', are used for numerous special events. It has numerous medicinal and herbal uses as a tea.

Personality

Family
Oleaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Strong

Problems

Jasmine can be affected by blight, rust, fusarium wilt, whiteflies, scale, mites, nematodes, aphids, and thrips. Treat jasmine plant diseases with fungicides or baking powder and water spray. Avoid overhead watering and allow plenty of circulation around the plant to help reduce the chances of fungal issues.

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