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Outeniqua Yellowwood

Afrocarpus falcatus

A majestic evergreen tree that can grow to the height of up to 50m in ideal conditions. Has a long straight trunk with peeling bark. The large, dense crown is often a roosting and nesting site for various birds. The wood is used extensively for furniture, roof beams, floorboards, door and window frames and boat building. Some of the famous yellowwood antiques seen throughout South Africa were made from the wood of this specific tree. Podocarpus falcatus could make an ideal indigenous substitute for the exotic pine trees currently being used in plantations.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Autumn
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Berry like seeds need to be harvested when fleshy part is yellow. Capsule needs to be removed before sowing as it inhibits germination.

Propagation

Seed
The seed must be pushed and bedded into the mixture and covered with a light layer of soil. The mixture must stay moist at all times. Some of the seed may take up to six months to germinate.

Special features

Attracts birds
Ripe fruits are eaten by bats, bushpigs, fruit-eating birds (Cape parrots, purple-crested, Knysna and Ross's louries, Rameron, African green and Delagorgue's pigeons).
Hedge plant
Can be pruned into hedges.

Geography

Origin
Africa, Mozambique and South Africa
Natural climate
High rainfall

Environment

Light
Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Timber
The wood is used extensively for furniture, roof beams, floorboards, door and window frames and boat building.
Tanning
The bark is used for tanning leather.

Personality

Family
Podocarpaceae
Flower colour
, Green
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free.

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