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Poor man's cycad

Encephalartos villosus

Broodboom (Afr.)

The poor man's cycad is widely cultivated throughout Southern Africa. It is a dwarf species with an underground stem. Leaves are glossy, dark-green and 1.2 - 2.5 m in length. Female cones are cylindrical, 30 - 50 cm in length, green-yellow to orange in colour. Seeds are beautiful dark red.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring

Harvesting

Harvest seed as soon as they loosen from the cone.

Propagation

Seed
Sow seed just after collection in well-draining sandy soil.

Special features

Geography

Origin
South Africa
Natural climate
Coastal forests

Environment

Light
Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Wet
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible
The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!
Notes
Ornamental

Personality

Family
Zamiaceae
Flower colour
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free. Monitor for Scale Insects and do not overwater!
Red Scale
Red Scale
Aonidiella auranti

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