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Rose 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'

Rosa 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'

Rose (Eng.), Roos (Afr.)

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The climbing form of the famous old Bourbon Rose, Souvenir de la Malmaison has large, quartered, very pale pink flowers, very beautiful but, unfortunately, are susceptible to rain damage. Sweet fragrance. A little repeating, with strong growth. It produces clusters of large pale pink flowers throughout spring, summer and into autumn, with a distinct spicy scent. While slightly more temperamental when faced with cold weather compared to other roses, the blooms are beautiful when not affected by black spot and mildew. The Bourbon rose was created in 1843 by Lyon rose breeder Jean Béluze, who named it after the Château de Malmaison, where Joséphine de Beauharnais (1763–1814) had created a magnificent rose garden. It is probably a cross between 'Mme Desprez' and 'Devoniensis'. The plant has a reputation for lack of winter hardiness and for responding poorly to pruning.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Summer, Spring
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Roses can be harvested throughout the growing season. It is best to harvest in the early mornings before the heat of the day. Use sharp, clean secateurs and cut the stems at an angle just above an active bud.

Propagation

Cuttings
Take hardwood cuttings from firm young stems with some leaves in Autumn. Make 1-2.5 cm vertical slits through the bark near the base. Place in pots of moist sand or potting soil.
Suckers
Budding in summer. For budding, excise a single vegetative bud on a stem and attach it to the stem of the rootstock.

Special features

Hedge plant
The climbing rose species can be grown over trellising to make hedges.

Geography

Origin
France
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
The rose hip, usually from R. canina, is used as a minor source of vitamin C. The fruits of many species have significant levels of vitamins and have been used as a food supplement. Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine.
Edible
Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. They are also pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup. Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in Middle Eastern, Persian, and South Asian cuisine, especially in sweets such as barfi, baklava, halva, gulab jamun, gumdrops, kanafeh, nougat, and Turkish delight. Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas.

Personality

Family
Rosaceae
Flower colour
, Pink
Scent
Mild

Problems

Susceptible to black spot and mildew from rain damage. Not generally bothered by pests.
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Erysiphaceae

Companion plants

Members of the onion family such as chives, ornamental alliums, and edible onions, are rumored to increase the perfume of roses, ward off aphids, and prevent black spot. Scented geraniums (Pelargonium), rue (Ruta), feverfew (T anacetum), parsley (Petroselinum), and thyme (Thymus) all may help ward off Japanese beetles and aphids. Marigolds (Tagetes) may also repel pests and encourage growth. Try ornamental and culinary sage (Salvia), anise-hyssop (Agastache), Russian-sage (Perovskia), lavender (Lavandula), yarrow (Achillea), oregano (Origanum), catmint (Nepeta) and calamint (Calamintha). Oddly enough, tomatoes allegedly prevent black spot, but not many people will be inclined to combine roses and tomatoes. Lavender (Lavandula) and catmint (Nepeta) are good at keeping rabbits away. Yarrow (Achillea) may attract ladybugs who in turn feed on aphids. Remember to plant rose companions at least 30 cm away from your roses so that you do not disturb their roots.

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