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Tomato 'Beefsteak'

Solanum lycopersicum 'Beefsteak'

Beef Tomato, Tomato (Eng.), Tamatie (Afr.)

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'Beefsteak' tomatoes are one of the largest cultivated tomato varieties. They are very popular among home growers and a signature ingredient in many salads and dishes. Skin colour can range from pink-red to red.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer, Spring
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Tomatoes will be ready to harvest within 65 - 80 days of sowing. Allow tomatoes to ripen on the vine and pick regularly.

Propagation

Seed
Sow during Spring and Summer, spacing them 50-60 cm apart and 6-8mm deep. Germination takes 4-7 days. Transplant seedlings to a final spacing of 60-90 cm and add support structures (stake or trellis).

Special features

Crop rotation
Tomatoes are heavy feeders and require well-fertilized soil. Rotate annually to prevent nutrient depletion of the soil.
Pot plant
Only suitable for a large pot (20 liters) and very tall sturdy support. This indeterminate variety will continue to grow and produce fruit throughout the growing season.​ Prune for best results.
Indoor plant
Give high light conditions and warmth to thrive.

Geography

Origin
Mexico, North America.
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
Tomatoes contain lycopene, an antioxidant. It contains Vit A, B, C and K as well as minerals like potassium and Calsium.
Edible
The 'Beefsteak' tomato fruit is an excellent choice for slicing, soups, ​and sauces.

Personality

Family
Solanaceae
Flower colour
Yellow
Scent
None

Problems

Common pests: Stink bugs, cutworms, tomato hornworms and tobacco hornworms, aphids, cabbage loopers, whiteflies, tomato fruitworms, flea beetles, red spider mite, slugs, and Colorado potato beetles. Common diseases: Mildew and blight, Tobacco mosaic virus, curly top

Companion plants

Borage is thought to repel the tomato hornworm moth. The devastating tomato hornworm has a major predator in various parasitic wasps, whose larvae devour the hornworm, but whose adult form drinks nectar from tiny-flowered plants like umbellifers. Several species of umbellifer are therefore often grown with tomato plants, including parsley, queen anne's lace, and sometimes dill. These also attract predatory flies that attack various tomato pests. Plants with strong scents, like alliums (onions, chives, garlic), mints (basil, oregano, spearmint) and French marigold, (Tagetes patula) are thought to mask the scent of the tomato plant, making it harder for pests to locate it and provide an alternative landing point, less chance of the pest on the tomatos. These plants may also subtly affect the flavor of tomato fruit. Ground cover plants, including mints, stabilize moisture loss around tomato plants and other Solanaceae, which come from very humid climates, these can help prevent moisture-related problems like blossom end rot. Tap-root plants like dandelions break up dense soil and bring nutrients from below a tomato plant's reach, possibly benefiting their companion. Tomato plants can protect asparagus from asparagus beetles, because they contain solanine that kills the beetle, while asparagus plants contain Asparagusic acid that repels nematodes known to attack tomato plants. Marigolds also repel nematodes.

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