Chilli pepper (Eng.), Brandrissie (Afr.)
Capsicum has the highest diversity of shapes and is the most common and extensively grown of the chilli species. Although Annuum means annual it is actually a perennial in areas where the temperature remains between 15 - 30C (60-85F) all year. Wild ancestors of this species are believed to have evolved in Southern Brazil and Bolivia but were cultivated by man around 6,100 years ago. Paprika is easy to grow and prefers similar conditions to other pepper varieties. Warm conditions during growing season are necessary for high yields. In the colder regions where forst is present, peppers grow as annuals. Capsicum annuum peppers can also be grown as ornamental plants.