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Fig 'Southern Black'

Ficus carica 'Southern Black'

Fig (Eng.), Vy (Afr.)

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Figs are small deciduous trees with large leathery leaves. Southern Black produces elongated fruit with a dark purple skin and dark cherry coloured flesh.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Southern Black figs ripen in Summer. Figs are ripe when the skin changes colour and the fruit becomes less firm. The fruit bruises easily - pick before they are fully ripe, but not too early - they will only fully ripen on the tree.

Propagation

Cuttings
Make long (30-40cm cuttings) during Winter when dormant. Plant them deep and allow to grow the following Spring.
Seed
Seeds are often spread by birds or animals that ate the fruit. Sow during Winter, but expect germination only in Spring or Summer.

Special features

Attracts birds
Birds love the delicious fruit.
Attracts useful insects
Pollinated by fig wasp.
Pot plant
Use a large container.
Wet sites
Grow happily along streams and rivers.
Hedge plant
Fig trees can be espaliered into a interesting hedge screen.

Geography

Origin
Western Asia
Natural climate
Mediterranean

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
Figs are used fresh, dried or preserved. The edible fruit is actually fused flowers with their seed.
Medicinal
Figs are high in fibre and essential minerals like Calsium, Magnesium, Copper, Manganese and Vitamins.
Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Moraceae
Flower colour
Pink-red
Scent
Mild

Problems

Fig stem borer and birds! Remove trees with Fig Mosaic Virus(dappled yellow spots on the green leaves).

Companion plants

Shade loving plants

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