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Fig 'Black Mission'

Ficus carica 'Black Mission'

Mission fig (Eng.), Vy (Afr.)

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The fig is a small deciduous tree with large leathery leaves. Black Mission is a mid-season variety and produces medium-sized fruit with a purple to black skin and strawberry to red flesh. It is popular to use the fruit - fresh, dried or preserved.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Figs are ripe when the skin changes colour and the fruit becomes less firm. The fruit bruises easily so pick them before they are fully ripe. Use fresh, as they last only a few days after being picked.

Propagation

Cuttings
Make 30-40cm cuttings while pruning in Winter and plant deep - about half the cutting under soil.
Seed
Sowing time Autumn to Winter. Space seedlings 4-6m apart.

Special features

Attracts birds
Birds feast on the delicious fruit.
Attractive flowers
Did you know that the flowers are actually forming the fruit? They are fused together and the inside are hundreds of edible flowers!
Attractive leaves
Large green leaves are 3 or 5 lobbed.
Drought resistant
Once established, figs can endure drought.
Hedge plant
Figs can be tree-trained or espaliered into beautiful shapes and make an effective hedge screen.

Geography

Origin
San Diego 1768
Natural climate
Mediterranean

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
Figs are used fresh, dried or preserved.
Medicinal
Figs are high in fibre and essential minerals like Calsium, Magnesium, Copper, Manganese and Vitamins.
Notes
Culinary - fresh or preserved

Personality

Family
Moraceae
Flower colour
White-Pink.
Scent
Mild

Problems

Fig stem borer can live up to 3 years inside the stem - killing beautiful old trees or huge areas in orchards. Protect your trees by placing a soft bidum and hard gause around the bottom meter of trunk.
Fig tree borer
Fig tree borer
Phryneta spinator

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