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Pistachio 'Sirora'

Pistacia vera 'Sirora'

Pistachio (Eng.), Pistasie, Groenamandelboom (Afr.)

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Pistachios are small deciduous trees that produce clusters of egg-shaped nuts. Nuts are enclosed in a white bony shell. Sirora is a female pistachio tree that is grown commercially for its high yields.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Pistachio nuts ripen towards the end of summer and are usually harvested in April. When the fruit is ripe, the shell changes from red-green to yellow and splits open.

Propagation

Seed
Germinate fresh seed in damp paper towels and as soon as seeds sprout move them into containers. Germination takes 10-30 days. Sow seeds in Autumn and space trees 6 m apart.
Layering
Propagated by budding onto a suitable pistachio rootstock. Budding is usually carried out in autumn with the budded tree being planted in the same year.

Special features

Crop rotation
Pistachios are light feeders and need little nutrients.
Pot plant
Can be grown in a container for the first 3-5 years.

Geography

Origin
Australia
Natural climate
Cold winters

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
The seed is edible either raw or cooked.
Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Anacardiaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
None

Problems

Alternaria leaf spot, crown gall, oak root fungus, pistachio dieback, pistachio twig borer, powdery mildew, root rot, and rust.

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