Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
1/3

Kumquat

Fortunella japonica

syn. Citrus japonica, Cumquat, Round kumquat, Marumi kumquat, Morgani kumquat (Eng.), Koemkwat (Afr.)

1/3

Kumquats are small evergreen trees or shrubs that produce tangy fruits with edible skins that are rich in vitamin C, vitamin A and potassium. A well-maintained kumquat tree can grow hundreds or thousands of fruits yearly. The flowers are fragrant and pretty. Kumquats are popular ornamental plants. The fruits can be used in various dishes, including salads, or made into marmalades, preserves and liqueurs.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Winter
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Fruits are ripe when their skin is a deep orange color and are slightly soft to the touch. Cut off the fruit with a knife or scissors so you do not damage the plant.

Propagation

Cuttings
Kumquat can be vegetatively propagated using rootstock of another citrus fruit or cuttings (using a rooting hormone). Graft kumquat cutting on the growing rootstock.
Seed
Not easy to grow from seed. Do not dry seeds. Sow 2 cm deep in moist, well-drained potting soil. Seedlings should appear in 2-4 weeks. Graft the seedlings with good bearing wood.
Layering
Air layering

Special features

Pot plant
A large pot with very good drainage is needed that is raised off the ground to improve drainage and air circulation. Cover plants with a blanket in winter in very cold climates or take indoors.
Hedge plant
Can be clipped into a neat hedge.
Attractive flowers
Fragrant flowers that bloom either singly or clustered.
Attractive leaves
Dark green, glossy leaves that form a vase-like or rounded canopy.

Geography

Origin
South Asia and the Asia-Pacific region China
Natural climate
Sub-tropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible
The fruit can be eaten raw or cooked or used to make marmalades and jellies.
Medicinal
Mineral and vitamins will keep you healthy preventing diseases like scurvy.
Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Rutaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Strong

Problems

Root rot: Avoid excess moisture and make sure the soil is well-draining before planting. Avoid piling mulch around the base of the tree. Aphids, mites, scale, mealybugs, and caterpillars are also problems.

Companion plants

Strong herbs like rosemary or wild garlic will keep pests away!
Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Tulbaghia violacea

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play