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French tarragon

Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa

Tarragon, Estragon (Eng.)

Tarragon is a cold-sensitive perennial with a distinct sweet anise flavor. French tarragon is the variant used as aromatic culinary herb and grows and spreads slowly fro tangled underground rhizomes. What makes this plant unique is that during growth, it seems to have little aroma, yet after the leaves are harvested, the oils concentrate and start emitting their unique tarragon smell. The wild tarragon is not as fragrant, while the Russian tarragon is mild too.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer, Autumn, Spring
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Leaves can be harvested throughout the growing season. Not suitable for drying. Can be harvested and frozen in cubes.

Propagation

Division
The roots should be lifted and divided every two years. Root division are easily made at underground nodes.
Cuttings
Root stem cuttings in moist sand. Allow four weeks for the stems to root. Set plants 45- 60 cm apart and space rows 60 - 90 cm apart.
Seed
Tarragon rarely flowers, so growing from seed is not recommended. Tarragon seed is often sterile.

Special features

Pot plant
French tarragon can be grown easily in a container 30 cm wide and deep. Tarragon can also be grown in hanging baskets.

Geography

Origin
Eurasie
Natural climate
Warm to temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
Tarragon has a mild anesthetic property when used medicinally.
Edible
It flavors sauces (in traditional béarnaise sauce it is an essential ingredient). It is particularly good with shellfish, fish, chicken, and turkey.
Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Asteraceae
Flower colour
Green
Scent
None

Problems

Tarragon are susceptible to root rot so avoid over watering. Avoid planting French tarragon where water collects or where leaves are slow to dry. Tarragon is susceptible to downy mildew, powdery mildew, and root rot where the soil or plants stay wet.
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Erysiphaceae

Companion plants

Eggplant, sweet peppers and gooseberries

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