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Buckwheat

Fagopyrum esculentum

Beech wheat (Eng.), Bokwiet (Afr.)

Buckwheat produces edible seeds that make a gluten-free, very palatable flour, even though it is not related to wheat. Buckwheat is considered allelopathic; which suppresses the growth of other plants and make it a great “weed” control plant. It is used in the culinary world, as a medicinal plant, green manure, soil conditioner and as a cover crop.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest fresh leaves within three weeks of sowing. Flowers will begin to appear 4 - 5 weeks after sowing.

Propagation

Seed
Sow during Spring or Summer with an optimum spacing of 10 - 15 cm. Sowing depth between 10 - 15 mm. An average germination time of 4 - 5 days can be expected.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Ladybugs, also attracts insects like Tanchinid flies and Hoverflies that is known to feed on pests that may harm the plant.
Crop rotation
Light Feeder. It can break heavy clay soils and are good before soil crops like carrots, turnips and potatoes.

Geography

Origin
Central Asia, Area between Lake Baikal and Manchuria
Natural climate
Temperate to warm

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Acid, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Personality

Family
Polygonaceae
Flower colour
White to pink
Scent
Mild

Problems

Root rot - occur in cold, wetter conditions, best treat seeds with fungicide before planting.
Aphids
Aphids
Aphidoidea spp.

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