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Coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Cilantro, Dhania (Eng.), Koljander (Afr.)

Coriander is an annual herb that is often used in curries, chutneys and even soups. It can be used as insect repellent too, but the seeds are the mainly used as a spice - often with meat in the making of biltong. Coriander is a multi-use plant that has also been used in homoeopathic digestive remedies. The umbels of purple flowers make it an attractive plant that can be used in bedding displays in cottage gardens.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest the young leaves constantly throughout the growing season though they do not store dry well. Freezing the fresh leaves is the best storage method. Let the seeds dry on the plants and harvest when brown.

Propagation

Seed
Sowing time ideally in spring/summer. The spacing between 15-20 cm with a sowing depth of 6-8 mm. Germination time on average is around 7-12 days. Thin or replant the little seedlings as soon as they can be handled.

Special features

Repels harmful insects
Repels Aphids and Carrot Root Fly

Geography

Origin
Europe
Natural climate
Cool to temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Loam, Sand, Compost
Soil PH preference
Neutral, Acid, Alkaline
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
Leaves are used to flavour spicy Asian or Middle Eastern dishes. The dried seeds is an important herb in biltong and boerewors. The leaves have a different taste from the seeds.
Insect repellent
The scent of the leaves keep flies away.
Medicinal
It has been used in several homoeopathic digestive remedies.

Personality

Family
Apiaceae
Flower colour
White, Purples
Scent
Mild - Foliage produces a mild scent when they are crushed.

Problems

Aphids, various mites, thrips and whitefly. Check under the leaves and inspect regularly.

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