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Brussel sprouts

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

Brusselse spruite (Afr.)

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Long Island is a semi-dwarf variety of Brussel sprouts that produces numerous sprouts on self-supporting stems. The leaves are closely spaced, and produce a lot of tasty sprouts. A good choice for the home garden.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Winter

Harvesting

Sprouts and buds mature in 90-180 days. Wait until the sprouts or immature flower buds are between 2,5-3 cm wide and pick from the base upwards. Sprouts may be picked as they ripen. As the harvest slows, pinch the top of the plant to direct nutrients to the sprouts.

Propagation

Seed
Direct sow seeds or sow indoors, 30-45 cm apart and 1 cm deep in Spring to early Summer. Germination takes 10-21 days. Transplant seedlings when they have at least 3 leaf pairs.

Special features

Crop rotation
Brussel Spouts are heavy feeders and need a lot of nutrients. Crops should be rotated more often than once every four years.

Geography

Origin
U.S.A.
Natural climate
Cool climate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Brassicaceae
Flower colour
Yellow
Scent
None

Problems

Aphids, Harlequin bugs, cabbage loopers, diamondback moth, cabbageworm, cutworms, cabbage maggot, thrips, powdery mildew, rust, and webworms.

Companion plants

Onions, leeks, spring onions, celery, dill, rosemary, borage, nasturtiums, pelargoniums

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