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Tulips

Tulipa spp.

Tulips are flowering bulbs valued in beds and borders for their bright colours in early spring. They are indigenous to mountainous areas with temperate climates, where they are a common element of steppe and winter-rain Mediterranean vegetation. They thrive in climates with long, cool springs and dry summers. Tulips are most commonly found in meadows, steppes and chaparral, but also introduced in fields, orchards, roadsides and abandoned gardens. For horticultural purposes tulips are divided into groups according to their flower characteristics. The groups are: Single early, Double early, Triumph, Darwin, Single late, Lily-flowered, Fringed, Viridiflora, Rembrandt, Parrot, Double late, Kaufmanniana, Fosteriana, Greigii and Miscellaneous groups.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Flowers and bulbs are harvested for the cut flower and gardening industries.

Propagation

Division
Divide bulbs when dormant. A new small bulblet will take three years to develop into a flowering bulb.
Seed
Many hybrids have been developed by crossing special traits - sow seed in Autumn and keep moist.

Special features

Pot plant
Tulips make beautiful potted flowers. Plant in well draining potting medium in enough sunlight to promote flowering. Plant close together for a stunning show.
Attracts useful insects
Bees are attracted to the flowers.
Indoor plant
Can be grown indoors, place in high light areas but limit direct sunlight to early mornings.
Drought resistant
Survive dry summers in bulb form.

Geography

Origin
Asia, a band corresponding to Latitude 40o north.
Natural climate
Temperate to cold

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand, Chalk
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Ornamental
Grown for their colourful flowers.
Floristry
Grown commercially for the cut flower industry.

Personality

Family
Liliaceae
Flower colour
, Red, Yellow, White, Purples, Pink, Orange, Cream, Green, Burgandy, Black, Bicolour
Scent
None

Problems

Can be attacked by slugs, aphids and stem & bulb eelworms. It can also be eaten by squirrels. It can also suffer from tulip fire & bulb rot.

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