Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
1/20

Common Beech

Fagus sylvatica

European beech

1/20

Fagus sylvatica is a large deciduous tree that has attractive textured foliage which can be mistaken for Hornbeam. Where the Fagus stands out against the Hornbeam is in its ability to retain its leaves during the winter in its juvenile stage. The leaves still turn brown but do not detach from the stems. This makes the Fagus excel at being a hedging plant as the trimming required to keep it as a hedge also keep the Fagus in its juvenile stage causing your hedge to turn a lovely golden brown during the winter months while still acting as a hedge.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Not generally harvested

Propagation

Seed
Seeds require stratifying before the will germinate. This can be done by planting the seed in compost during mid to late autumn and leaving in a cold frame. The other method is to put it into a sealed bag with some moist vermiculite and put that into the fridge over winter. The bag method requires regular checks for fungal growth and germination.
Cuttings
Hardwood cuttings are the best form of vegetative propagation for Fagus sylvatica

Special features

Geography

Origin
Europe, Eurasia

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Dry
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid, Neutral, Alkaline
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Personality

Family
Fagaceae
Flower colour
The flowers are fairly inconspicuous because they are small green hairy balls that dangle from the branches., Green
Scent
None

Problems

Beech bark disease, canker, grey squirrels.
Root Rot
Root Rot
Phytophthora spp.

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play