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Hemp

Cannabis sativa

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Cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp are both members of the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are however distinct strains with unique biochemical compositions and uses. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects. It is an annual broadleaf plant with a taproot and is capable of very rapid growth under ideal growing conditions. Hemp is used to make a variety of commercial and industrial products including rope, clothes, food, paper, textiles, plastics, insulation and biofuel.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer

Harvesting

Harvest plants 3 - 4 months after planting, cutting the whole plant down to 2-3cm above soil level. Plants are then left to dry before processing.

Propagation

Seed
Seeds are sown in situ in spring at a depth of 4-6cm, enriching the soil prior to planting and fertilizing again a few weeks after sowing.

Geography

Origin
Central Asia, India
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Wet
Soil type
Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible
Hemp seeds can be eaten raw, ground into a meal, sprouted, or made into dried sprout powder. The leaves can be consumed raw in salads. Hemp can also be made into a liquid, hemp milk or hemp juice.

Personality

Family
Cannabaceae
Flower colour
Green
Scent
None

Problems

Susceptible to various pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, nematodes, viruses and other miscellaneous pathogens.
Nematodes
Nematodes
worm-like mini ground pest

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