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Clematis

Clematis spp.

Clematis are popular herbaceous climbers, grown for their huge range of flower shapes and colours, and sometimes evergreen foliage. Clematis are generally divided into three main groups according to where and when their flowers are produced. They are: spring-blooming clematis that flower on side shoots of the previous year's stems; summer or autumn blooming clematis flowering only on the ends of new stems (current seasons growth); and twice-flowering clematis that flower on both side shoots and terminally.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Flowers and or the seed heads can be harvested for the vase, due to the short flower stalks whole flowering branches are harvested.

Propagation

Seed
Sow seeds as soon as they are ripe.
Layering
Layering in late winter or early spring.
Cuttings
Root softwood cuttings in spring or semi-ripe cuttings in early summer.
Division
Divide or take basal cuttings of herbaceous growth in spring.

Special features

Pot plant
Use a large container about 45cm in diameter with the same depth, for good root growth, make sure a suitable support is in place such as an obelisk or a small trellis.
Attracts useful insects
Attracts bees and butterflies
Hedge plant
They often grow into hedges either having a support structure build or using a established plant hedge.

Geography

Origin
Asia, Japan, China
Natural climate
Cold and Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
Clematis is a constituent of Bach's Rescue Remedy.

Personality

Family
Ranunculaceae
Flower colour
From white through shades of pink and purple to red and yellow.
Scent
None

Problems

Susceptible to Clematis wilt, powdery mildew, cutworms, aphids, whitefly, slugs and snails.
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Erysiphaceae

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