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Madagascar Periwinkle

Catharanthus roseus

Cape Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle

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In the wild, the rosy flowers of the Madagascar periwinkle is an endangered plant (the main cause of decline is habitat destruction by slash and burn agriculture). It is however widely cultivated and is naturalised in subtropical and tropical areas of the world. A water-wise evergreen hardy perennial flourishing in neglected garden areas.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring, Summer
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest seeds when seed capsules are ripe(brown and dried).

Propagation

Seed
Sow seed in early spring directly in a well prepared flower bed with compost.
Cuttings
Root softwood cuttings in late spring and semi-ripe cuttings in summer.

Special features

Geography

Origin
Indian Ocean, Madagascar
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
Roots and shoots, though poisonous, are used against several diseases by Indian healers also used in traditional Chinese medicine against diseases like, diabetes, malaria, and Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Personality

Family
Apocynaceae
Flower colour
White, mauve, peach, scarlet, reddish-orange
Scent
None

Problems

Susceptible to red spider mite and whitefly.

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