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Cone bush

Leucadendron salignum

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Leucadendrons or cone bushes are grown for their coloured foliage and the pretty cones that are produced on the female plant. The plants are woody perennials with persistent root-stocks, enabling the plants to re-sprout after fires. Crossings and hybrids of Leucadendrons are grown commercially for the cut flower industry as foliage and cones. The cones are used in both the fresh and dried state. Wild stands are also harvested for this industry. Leucadendrons can be grown as garden plants. Leucadendron salignum is commonly used with other species to cross and produce new hybrids, such as 'Safari Sunset' (L salignum x L laureolum).

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Cones are harvested during winter. Cut flowers for decoration as needed.

Propagation

Cuttings
Use semi-hardwood off the current season's growth to take cuttings, 6 to 10 cm in length. Dip into rooting hormone and root with bottom heat and intermittant irrigation.

Special features

Drought resistant
The hardy leaves will help dry spells. When grown in its natural areas, it is use to survive dry summers.
Pot plant
Can be grown in containers, use specialized fynbos potting mix with low or no Phosphates.

Geography

Origin
Africa, Southern Africa, Western, Southern and Eastern Cape.
Natural climate
Temperate

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Dry
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Acid, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Cut flower
The unusual colored leaves and the pretty cone make this a popular with florists.

Personality

Family
Proteaceae
Flower colour
Yellow
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free, but are prone to root rots, be sure to have good drainage.

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