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Wild fig

Ficus thonningii

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A fast-growing tree for warmer regions with its shiny, dark green leaves that provide dense shade and bears small, reddish figs that attract birds. This is a medium to a large evergreen tree with dense leafy crown and smoothish, light to dark grey bark. It is one of the strangler figs, so-called for their habit of ‘strangling’ other plants as their roots and stems struggle to find nourishment and light in their original jungle habitat. Because they have aggressive root systems, they should not be planted in small gardens or near buildings, swimming pools or pathways.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring, Summer
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Not applicable - nature uses most of the fruit as they ripen.

Propagation

Seed
Cover whole fig lightly with soil.
Cuttings
Easily propagated from large cuttings. 20 - 30cm. This can be done throughout the year.

Special features

Attracts birds
This tree bears small green fruits which ripen into reddish figs - a treat to birds and wild life.

Geography

Origin
Africa, South Africa , Namibia, Angola, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Natural climate
Temperate to Tropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible
The fruits and leaves are edible and provide a valuable source of nutrition.

Personality

Family
Moraceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Mild

Problems

Fig tree borer beetle, caterpillars of butterflies, scale insects, mealybugs and fruit fly.

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