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Wild Garlic

Allium ursinum

Ramsons, Bear's garlic, Buckrams, Hog's garlic, Wild leek, Wood garlic, Gipsy onion, Ramsomes

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A very common sight in ancient British woodlands, this small plant has a strong scent identical to that of garlic. It earned its name 'Allium Ursinum' from the Latin for Brown Bear, as these animals were renowned for digging up woodland in search of these plants. They're also extremely popular with wild boars and other woodland mammals.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest leaves any time during summer. Flowers can be picked from autumn. Seeds/bulbs can be picked anytime from early winter.

Propagation

Seed
Sow about 2cm deep in rich, fertile soil. It is best to do this in a cold frame in autumn or early winter.
Division
Divide bulblets in the dormant season.

Special features

Attractive flowers
Small white flowers born on the end of long stems.
Attracts useful insects
Bees feed on the flowers nectar.

Geography

Origin
Europe
Natural climate
Cold interior

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
Leaves are commonly eaten in Britain having a strong garlic taste. The flower, seeds and bulb are also edible.

Personality

Family
Amaryllidaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Strong

Problems

Generally pest-free. May be attacked by onion white rot or a downy mildew.
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Erysiphaceae

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