Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
1/5

Loquat

Eriobotrya japonica

Japanese loquat, Japanese medlar, Japanese plum, Nispero

1/5

This little evergreen tree has beautiful foliage, fragrant flowers, delicious fruit and it is easy to grow. The loquat grows to about 6.1 m high assuming a rounded form with upward pointing branches. Large, deeply textured dark green leaves are about 7.6 cm long with the bottom surface being light green and slightly fuzzy. New foliage on some specimens is an attractive rusty red. The sweetly scented white flowers are followed by small, edible yellow fruits in spring.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Fruiting time
Spring, Autumn

Harvesting

Loquat fruits should be allowed to ripen fully before harvesting. They reach maturity in about 90 days from full flower opening. A ripe fruit will have a distinctive yellowy-orange colour and begin to soften. Unripe fruits do not ripen properly off the tree and are excessively acid. The fruit must be carefully clipped individually as they are difficult to separate from the cluster stems without tearing. Ripe fruit may be refridgerated for 1 to 2 weeks.

Propagation

Seed
Trees are commonly grafted onto loquat seedlings or dwarf rootstock of quince. Spacing - 3-5m apart.

Special features

Attracts birds
Ripe fruits attract birds.
Attracts useful insects
The loquat flowers attract bees.
Indoor plant
The European loquat trees are often cultivated as ornimental plants.
Crop rotation
Light Feeder

Geography

Origin
Native to China, the loquat was later introduced to Japan.
Natural climate
Temperate Coastal

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
Fruits
Notes
Fruits are eaten fresh

Personality

Family
Rosaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Mild

Problems

Young trees don't compete well with weeds. Fruit flies are a common problem as are black scale, birds, aphids & caterpillars. Most can be avoided by removing fruit quickly when ripe.

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play