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Cape rough lemon

Citrus jambhiri 'Cape rough'

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An eye-catching evergreen tree when laden with fruit. Ideal for small gardens and in apot on sunny patios. Fleshy and fragrant fruit with thick, rough skin. Good bearer in most conditions.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring, Summer, Autumn
Fruiting time
Spring, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Fruits usually mature over the winter months. However it is not uncommon to observe fruit and blossoms throughout the year.

Propagation

Seed
Reproduces true from seed, albeit a slow method of propagation. Remove the seed from the fruit and rinse with plain water. Sow in a fine, well-draining mix. Placed in a warm spot, a seed will sprout in about one week.
Cuttings
While budding and grafting are the prefered method of propagation and usually done in the spring(start of the active growing cycle). Stem cuttings are also possible. Cut 15-20 cm from new green growth and remove all but the top two leaves. Apply rooting hormone to the base of the cutting, and carefully plant in a sterile medium.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Attracting beneficial insects such as bees to the garden.
Indoor plant
Position plant in a warm sunny place if growing indoors.
Pot plant
Use large containers with good drainage.
Hedge plant
With sharp thorns it makes a good security hedge and evergreen leaves make a handy permanent screen.
Drought resistant
Once established the tree survive dry spells and recover well.
Attractive flowers
Fragrant white flowers
Attractive fruits
Delicious yellow fruit
Attractive leaves
Dark green leaves.

Geography

Origin
The true home of the rough lemon is unknown but presumably it is a native to northeastern India, where it grows wild.
Natural climate
Subtropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
Lemon juice rises pH-levels and often a slice is drunk in a cup of water first thing in the morning to neutralise body acids.
Edible
Very useful grown in home gardens where fruit is used in lemonade, freshly cut in drinks and used in cooking.

Personality

Family
Rutaceae
Flower colour
White. Buds tinged pink to purple and open to bright white .
Scent
Strong

Problems

One of the hardiest types of citrus, yet scale, aphids, false codling moth and Citrus psylla may still be common problems. If not managed, ants farm aphids and cause future risk to the plant. Often the key to healthy citrus is the control of ants.

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