Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play

CHAMOMILE

General spp.

The word chamomile (sometimes spelled camomile, and generally pronounced with a long i) is derived from Greek—chamos (ground) and melos (apple), referring to the fact that the plant grows low to the ground, and the fresh blooms have a pleasing apple scent. Chamomile is best known for the tea that are made from dried chamomile flowers. There are two main types of chamomile that are used to produce the tea, German chamomile (Matricaris retutica) and Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile). Roman chamomile is also known as Russian chamomile and English chamomile. It is a creeping perennial, ground cover that grows like a mat, and only reaches 30 cm in height. It has small daisy like flowers with yellow centers and white petals, and feathery leaves. German chamomile looks similar to Roman chamomile with the differences being that German chamomile grows upright to the height of about 30-60 cm and is a reseeding annual.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Your plants can bloom all through the summer, so there isn’t any one specific harvest time. If you only want the blossoms, you have to pick them quite carefully.

Propagation

Seed
Germination: 7-14 days. Days to harvest: 30 days

Special features

Repels harmful insects
Extraction can be used as insecticide.

Geography

Origin
Europe
Natural climate
Mediteraennean

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
Popular uses of chamomile preparations include treating hay fever, inflammation, muscle spasm, menstrual disorders, insomnia, ulcers, gastrointestinal disorder, and hemorrhoids.
Edible
Flowers and leaves are used for making tea.

Personality

Family
Asteraceae
Flower colour
White with yellow centre
Scent
Mild

Problems

Chamomile is generally not targeted by pests and diseases.

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play