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PUMPKIN

Cucurbita spp.

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Pumpkin is one of the fastest growing plants. The trailing vines need full sun, plenty of water and rich soil. Seeds planted in Spring will flower soon - first male flowers followed by female flowers. Farmers use bees to help pollinate, so they can harvest a good crop.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring, Summer
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Pick flowers to be served in a beer batter throughout Summer. Fruit is ripe when the outside is fully colored, the skin is hard, and the stem begins to shrivel and dry. Cut the pumpkin's stem using a pair of shears, leaving it a few centimeters long.

Propagation

Seed
Direct sow seed in late Spring or early Summer, 2.5–5 cm deep. Plant seeds in rows or “pumpkin hills” which are small mounds. The soil will warm faster and the seeds will germinate quicker. This also helps with drainage and pest control.

Special features

Autumn colour
Colourful pumpkins brighten up the area in Autumn.
Pot plant
You can grow pumpkins in growbags or containers that are at least 45 cm wide. Plant one or two per growbag, or one per container.
Attractive fruits
Fruits vary in sizes.

Geography

Origin
Oldest seeds found in Mexico, dating between 7000 and 5500 BC
Natural climate
Temperate to arid

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
The fruit is a favourite cooked, often with cinammon.

Personality

Family
Cucurbitaceae
Flower colour
Yellow
Scent
None

Problems

Pumpkin fly, spotted and striped cucumber beetles, squash vine bugs, squash vine borers.
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Erysiphaceae

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