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Chrysanth

Chrysanthemum spp.

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They are herbaceous perennial plants with hundreds of cultivars. Broadly divided into​ 'garden' or 'exhibition' groups, the first being hardier. Very popular with gardeners and florists for their spectacular blooms. Good choice for first time gardeners as they are easy to grow.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer, Autumn
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Garden chrysanthemums are ideal for borders and are not usually​ harvested. Florist chrysanthemums can be pinched to ensure abundant flowering or side buds removed to make one huge flower.

Propagation

Seed
Sow seeds in Spring in situ, in full sun and well-drained soil. Germination within 10 to 18 days.
Cuttings
Soft-wood cuttings can be taken at the beginning or end of the flowering season. Remove the flower and lower leaves, place in propagating beds and keep moist until roots form.
Suckers
Remove suckers with roots as the new growing season start and replant to grow into new plants.

Special features

Indoor plant
A potted Chrysanthemum will flower around 6 weeks indoors in ideal conditions. They can then be planted outside, in a larger container, if the climate is temperate.
Attractive flowers
They bloom profusely in late summer to autumn(short-day lenth sensitive).

Geography

Origin
China
Natural climate
Temperate Coastal

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
Flower-based Chrysanthemum tea is popular in East-Asia, and is believed to be helpful in recovery from flue and acne. ln the West the tea is used as a compress to treat varicose veins.
Edible
Flower petals are edible and make lovely cake decorations.

Personality

Family
Asteraceae
Flower colour
Very large range: red, orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, pink, white and multi-coloured.
Scent
Strong

Problems

Green and black aphids - can be controlled by spraying insecticide. Thrips. Grasshoppers. In greenhouses: Leaf-tyer (Phlyctaenia ferrugalis), tarnished plant-bug and fungal rot. Rust (Puccinia chrysanthemi), powdery mildew and viruses.
Two-spotted spider mite
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae

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