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GRAPE

Vitis vinifera

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Grapes are woody perennial vines and the fruits grow in clusters of 15 to 300, and can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green, orange, and pink. Flowers and subsequent fruit develop on new shoots called canes. Annual pruning is very important to keep this type of growth healthy and rejuvenating each year. Grapevines usually only produce fruit on shoots that came from buds that were developed during the previous growing season. Flower buds are formed late in the growing season and overwinter for blooming in spring of the next year. The fruit is a berry, ovoid in shape and juicy. Other parts of the vine include the tendrils which are leaf-opposed, and are used to support the climbing plant by twining onto surrounding structures such as branches or the trellising of a vine-training system.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Grapes will not continue ripening once picked from the vine. Test a few to see if they are too your liking before harvesting, usually in late summer-early fall. Grapes can be stored for up to six weeks in the cellar or fridge.

Propagation

Cuttings
Special rootstock have been selected over time for different soil types. Graft the desired cultivar on a rootstock and plant.

Special features

Attracts birds
A mesh net is useful in keeping birds away from budding fruit or flickering strips of silver ropes.

Geography

Origin
Mediterranean and Central Asia
Natural climate
Temperate Interior

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Dry
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
The fruit is deliciously edible fresh, or preserved.

Personality

Family
Vitaceae
Flower colour
Green
Scent
None

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