Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
1/4

Toddy palm

Caryota urens

1/4

This single-stemmed palm, is a large, erect tree that grows up to 12–20 m tall. The grey trunk is covered with widely-spaced leaf-scar rings. The characteristic compound leaves are bright to deep green and are divided into distinctive fishtail-like leaflets and long drooping clusters of small, white flowers. These palms only flower once in their lifetime and die after flowering. Unusually, flowering begins at the top of the trunk and proceeds downwards, sometimes for several years. The fruit matures to a round, red drupe (fruit with an outer fleshy part that surrounds a hard shell with a seed inside) about 1 cm wide and containing a single seed.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds.

Propagation

Seed
Germination takes 4-6 weeks.

Geography

Origin
India
Natural climate
Tropical and Sub-tropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
Pulp of the fully grown up plant is cut, sun dried, powdered and is edible. It is sweet in taste. This powder is considered cool and nutritious in Coastal districts of Karnataka. In Sri Lanka, the powder is mixed with coconut milk and cooked to make Kithul Thalapa
Fodder
Elephants are fed the leaves and pulp of this palm.
Ornamental
Caryota urens is cultivated as an ornamental tree, and planted in gardens and parks in tropical and sub-tropical climates. It is also used as an interior and houseplant when smaller.
Notes
Food, beverage, fibre, timber, ornamental

Personality

Family
Arecaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free

Companion plants

Plant with other palms and sub-tropical plants.

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play