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Chilli

Capsicum frutescens

Chillies are the most important spice crop in the world known for its extremely pungent taste. The name "frutescens" translates as "bushy" or "shrubby". Known best from the famous "Tabasco" sauce which is made from the variety with the same name. Windbreak plants are essential where there is a danger of wind damage.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds. When picking chillies, refrain from pulling on the fruit, it may break off a branch or even uproot the entire plant. Use sharp garden pruners to cut the tough stem.

Propagation

Seed
Sowing time in winter/spring under a bed of mulch or as soil heats up. Germination take 3-4 weeks.

Special features

Repels harmful insects
Often used to deter deer from orchards or vineyards. It is used as natural insecticide, mixed with other ingriedients like garlic.

Geography

Origin
Central or South America
Natural climate
Tropical, Subtropical, Mediterranean, Temperate or Desert

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
The seeds of Chili pepper contain capsaicin (a chemical compound), believed to have antibiotic properties.
Edible
Very hot seeds normally used as a flavouring.
Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Solanaceae
Flower colour
White, cream or purple.
Scent
None

Problems

Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus, Aphids, Ants, Nematodes, Mites, Fungus

Companion plants

Aubergines

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