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Brazilian pepper tree

Schinus terebinthifolia

Brazilian pepper is widely grown as an ornamental plant in frost-free regions of South America for its foliage and fruit. It is considered as a melliferous flower and is the main source of food for the bee Tetragonisca angustula, which is an important honey producer. Brazilian pepper is hard to remove because it produces basal shoots if the trunk is cut. Trees also produce abundant seeds that are dispersed by birds and ants. This same hardiness makes the tree highly useful for reforestation in its native environment but enables it to become invasive outside of its natural range. It is regarded is highly invasive in South Africa and other parts of the world.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Spring, Summer
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Generally not harvested

Propagation

Seed
Ease of germination makes this species highly opportunistic and invasive.

Special features

Attracts birds
Birds feed on the berries.

Geography

Origin
South America, southeastern Brazil, northern Argentina, and Paraguay, subtropical and tropical areas
Natural climate
Subtropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal
It is used in South and Central America as a wound healer, mild laxative, and diuretic. The sap, however, can cause skin irritation for sensitive skin.

Personality

Family
Anacardiaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free

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