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African lily

Agapanthus africanus

African lily [misapplied]

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A fast growing plant that that propagates through rhizomes. Agapanthus are one of South Africa's best known garden plants, although mostly the bigger evergreen Agapanthus praecox are grown. The dwarf variety grows naturally in selected winter rainfall areas. Fire or fire smoke stimulate profuse flowering.

Planning

Difficulty
Advanced
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Harvest seeds after flowering (when the capsules have dried out). Cut flower stalks during flower for a beautiful display in a vase.

Propagation

Seed
Sowing time during autumn - and sow 1.5 times deeper than the seed size. Germination time is less than 2 months.
Division
The best time to lift and divide agapanthus is late March after they have finished flowering. Evergreen varieties should be divided once every four years.
Rhizomes
Lift and divide the rhizomes after flowering in autumn.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Attract insects like bees and butterflies.
Attracts birds
Nectar-loving birds visit as well as insect-eating birds that feast on the pollinators!
Drought resistant
Rhizomes serve to be a valuable store in dry times.
Pot plant
Easily grows in a good sized pot.

Geography

Origin
South Africa
Natural climate
Mediterranean

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Notes
Pretty low growing agapanthus plant to use as edging to borders.

Personality

Family
Agapanthaceae
Flower colour
Blues to white., Blue
Scent
None

Problems

Botrytis rot, a fungal disease, can be treated by spraying the buds with fungicide before and after they have opened. Snails are best dealt with by picking them off by hand when you spot them or invite ducks to help control.

Companion plants

Velthemia sp, Plectranthus sp.
Forest Lily
Forest Lily
Veltheimia bracteata

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