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Coffee

Coffea arabica

Arabica coffee is a hybrid species, formed by the hybridization of Coffea eugenioides and Coffea canephora. Arabica coffee is considered to produce the finest coffee beans. The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee. Quite easy to grow as a house plant in humid warm surroundings.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Spring, Summer
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Trees bear 3 - 4 years after planting and bear fully between 6-8 years. The fruits is ready to harvest 7-9 months after flowering. The coffee tree's fruit does not all ripen at one time, will have blossoms and berries in various stages of ripening.

Propagation

Seed
Sowing time during Autumn and Winter. Soak seeds overnight before planting. Wait for an embryo to emerge (white protrusion at the end of the seed) and plant directly in a large pot filled with good potting soil.
Cuttings
Cuttings are most successful if using 12 - 15 cm tip cuttings. Leave 2 - 4 leaves at the tip. Treat with hormone powder like other plant cuttings. MAke cuttings during spring after berries have ripened and before flowering begins.

Special features

Crop rotation
Heavy Feeder

Geography

Origin
Southern Asia and Tropical Africa
Natural climate
A temperate climate with no frost. Ideal temperaturs between 15 ° Celsius to 24° Celsius

Environment

Light
Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Wet
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Acid
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
Fruits contain little flesh and are usually discarded. The seed, however, yields the very important coffee bean. The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee.
Stimulant
The caffeine in coffee acts as an stimulant. After consuming it travels to the brain and helps to produce 'feeling good' substances to lift your mood or spirit, enhance memory and thinking, but do not over-indulge!
Notes
The beans are dried, roasted and ground into coffee.

Personality

Family
Rubiaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Strong

Problems

Bacterial blight - spots on leaves which dry out and become brown and necrotic. Copper sprays before the onset of the rainy season. Brown eye spot (fungus) - Brown spots on leaves, enlarge and develop grayish center and a red-brown edge. Fertilize well, as nutrient deficient plants are more susceptible

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