Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
1/4

Pecan Nut

Carya illinoinensis

1/4

Pecan trees become quite large and provide much needed shade in urban environments. However, growing pecan trees in small gardens isn’t practical because there are no dwarf varieties. Pecan nuts are eaten as a delicious natural snack and used in cooking an baking. Uses: Other than the seed being edible, the wood is also suitable for making furniture and flooring and for smoking meats.

Planning

Difficulty
Advanced
Flowering time
Spring
Fruiting time
Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest your pecans after the shucks open. One method for retrieving the pecans is to carefully shake the tree branches so that the nuts fall to the ground. Then you can immediately pick them up. Do not leave them on moist ground or in wet leaves. Trees take 3-7 years before producing flowers and nuts.

Propagation

Seed
Sow seed in winter, spacing 10 - 18 m apart and at a depth of at least 2 m. Growing from the nut is the least expensive, but it takes five to seven years longer to produce fruit.

Special features

Drought resistant
They grow naturally where there are long, hot and often dry summers.

Geography

Origin
Southern parts of North America
Natural climate
Semi-arid to humid, continental to sub-tropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Dry
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
The seeds of the pecan tree can be eaten fresh or used in cooking, particularly in desserts. They have a rich buttery flavour. One of the most common desserts is the pecan pie.
Furniture
Pecan wood is used in making furniture and wood flooring as well as flavoring fuel for smoking meats.

Personality

Family
Juglandaceae
Flower colour
Yellow
Scent
None

Problems

Pecan scab is caused by a fungus that causes lesions that increases in size and become blackened and sunken in appearance. Lesions crack as the leaves expand. Caused by unnecessary fertilisation. Downy fungal leaf spot can cause early leaf loss. Remove and destroy fallen leaves and apply a preventative fungicide spray program.

Companion plants

Under-plant with dry shade plants.

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play