Candide
Download the free app
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Candide logo
Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
1/2

Cardamom

Elettaria cardamomum

Cardamon, Elaichi, Choti

1/2

Cardamom is grown for its seeds which grow inside the plant's fruit, called capsules. Each capsule produces between 15-20 seeds which are used as a food flavourant or spice. While Cardamom is difficult to propagate and grow, if you're up for a challenge, in three years you will have personal access to the most expensive spice after saffron and vanilla!

Planning

Difficulty
Advanced
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Cardamom starts to bear fruit in their third year. Harvest fruit by hand when they start to turn green, dry and break easily. After harvesting, dry the pods for 6-7 days and store them in an airtight container in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight to be preserved.

Propagation

Seed
Wash seeds in lukewarm water and dry in shade. Sow seeds directly or in a container, shallowly in moist soil, 1-3 m apart in rows 1-3 m apart. Germination takes 20-40 days.
Division
Cut the rhizome of a plant that has at least three shoots with a sharp knife, carefully separate it from the plant and plant where desired.

Geography

Origin
India and Sri Lanka
Natural climate
Subtropical Coastal

Environment

Light
Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Medicinal
The seeds remove bad breath, improves digestion and is a remedy for coughs and nausea.
Edible
The seeds inside the fruit are edible and are used as a spice.

Personality

Family
Zingiberaceae
Flower colour
White
Scent
Strong

Problems

Generally not bothered by pests and diseases but can be affected by cardamom mosaic virus, cardamom thrips, capsule rot, nematodes, and rhizome rot.

Download the free app

Download on the App Store
Get it on Google Play