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Umbeluzi cycad

Encephalartos umbeluziensis

The Umbeluzi cycad is a dwarf species and indigenous to north-eastern Swaziland. It has a subterranean stem and glossy dark-green leaves. Female plants tend to produce a single green cone, 25 - 30 cm in length. Cones may become dark orange when they break open. Seeds are yellow to light brown.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Harvest seed when they are mature and start to loosen from the cone.

Propagation

Seed
Naked seeds grow on female plants and need pollen from male plants to be fertile. Sow fresh fertile seeds in sandy soil and keep warm and moist. Germination can take 1-3 months.
Suckers
Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special features

Geography

Origin
Soutern Africa, North-eastern Swaziland
Natural climate
Summer rainfall Sub-Tropical Regions

Environment

Light
Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible
The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!
Notes
Ornamental

Personality

Family
Zamiaceae
Flower colour
Scent
None

Problems

generally problem free. Monitor for Scale insects!
Red Scale
Red Scale
Aonidiella auranti

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