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Zululand cycad

Encephalartos ferox

The Zululand cycad is endemic to the sub-tropical East coast of Southern Africa. Leaves are dark-green and 1 - 2 m in length. Cones are bright salmon-pink to orange-red and scarlet. Female plants sometimes produce golden-yellow cones. Female cones are egg-shaped, 25 - 50 cm in length and produce red to pink or orange seeds.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Fruiting time
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Harvest seed when mature and sow immediately.

Propagation

Seed
Sow mature seed immediately in sandy soil that drains well.
Suckers
Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special features

Geography

Origin
Southern Africa, East Coast
Natural climate
Sub-tropical

Environment

Light
Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!
Notes
Ornamental

Personality

Family
Zamiaceae
Flower colour
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free. Monitor for Scale Insects.
Red Scale
Red Scale
Aonidiella auranti

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